Tuesday, March 28, 2017

Canine Spotlight: St. Bernard

A St. Bernard is a very large dog that I have always adored from a distance. I have never actually seen one in person sadly. They are classified as working dogs because they not only are pets but also are put to work for the sake of humankind. Let's have a look at them.

As I said, they are very large. They stand at a whopping 35 inches tall. They can weigh as much as 260 pounds. They have long shaggy fur which is generally a mix of white and brown. Their tails are not only long but very heavy and covered in fur. It is so heavy, it generally just hangs. The St. Bernards are from the western Alps in Switzerland, Italy, and France.

This breed of dog has a number of uses such as herding, hunting, watchdog, but it is clearly more famous as a rescue dog. They are very good at finding people trapped in the snow after avalanches. A lot of fiction depicts them with barrels of brandy around their necks, but this is actually not practiced. The idea of it has been attributed to an 1820 painting by Edwin Landseer.

The St. Bernard is a gentle giant. They are extremely friendly with everyone including children. The only problem is that they can accidentally knock small children over and cause injuries. Training is needed to help them with this. If a St. Bernard ever gets violent, it is because it has for some reason become afraid.

In my research, I found mention to a legendary St. Bernard named Barry. He was a mountain rescue dog in Switzerland. Apparently, he found a boy inside of a cavern of ice, pressed against him to warm him up, and then persuaded the boy to get on his back so he could carry him to safety. This legend has since been disputed, but there are many who still believe in it. If it did happen, I think that is pretty darn cool!

In fiction, St. Bernards are everywhere. You saw them a lot in old cartoons with their brandy barrels around their necks. They usually pop up when someone had frozen solid and fill up their bellies with the brandy which not only saves the victim but also renders them completely smashed. There are other cartoons that show the St. Bernard getting drunk on his own brandy with whoever he is supposed to rescue. They end up singing drunken songs and the like.

In 1992, the movie "Beethoven" featured a St. Bernard. It was a fun movie about a family who owned a dog too big for his own good. A lot of the humor came from the troubles of trying to keep the large creature under control. The movie did well enough and spawned a whopping 7 sequels and 1 animated series.

I personally love the idea of a friendly but very large shaggy dog person. I would love if I was friends with one honestly. I'm not saying this because I want the brandy either. It's like how Han Solo had Chewy. I want a St. Bernard instead. I'll leave it at that.

Thank you for reading my blog. If you enjoyed it, you can comment below, or you can email me at tkwadeauthor@gmail.com. Woof.

Tuesday, March 21, 2017

Chiroptera Spotlight: Vampire Bat

Oops! Looks like we still have another bat spotlight to do. Honestly, where would I be if I did not cover the famous vampire bat?! Let's give it a look-see.

There are three species of the vampire bat which are all native to the Americas--namely Mexico, Brazil, Chile, Uruguay, and Argentina. These bats are called the common vampire bat, the hairy-legged vampire bat, and the white-winged vampire bat. The one thing that draws these three bats into a group is the fact that they all feed on blood. As far as size, I will only say of the common vampire bat that they have a body length of 3.5 inches with a total wingspan of 7 inches.

In addition to the "sound sight" exhibited by most bats, the vampire bats have special thermoreceptors on their noses which help it locate sources of warm blood. This is similar to how snakes hunt and very important if blood is your thing. Where there is blood there is usually warmth.

Guess what! Vampire bats cannot stand light! You will very likely never see them in the daytime. They will find any nook and cranny they can to make their roost in complete darkness. This could be within the hollow of a tree, caves, wells, and even inside the attic of a church. However, if they are found in the daylight, they will not turn into dust. That's just silly.

One roost can be apart of a much broader colony that can amount to hundreds of roosting sites. The roost of a vampire bat is often called a harem. The females outnumber the males. There can be more than one males living there as long as it doesn't get too crowded. The time of year often decides how many males can live there. The females are shared between them, although each male will become pretty possessive abut the ones they pick.

The common vampire bat prefers mammal blood. However, the hairy-legged and white-winged variety go after birds. The common will go after a docile mammal--preferably one that is asleep. They will create a small incision with their teeth and then proceed to lap up the blood that comes out of the sometimes 8mm deep cut. They do not--as some people think--suck out the blood. Additionally, the vampire bat's saliva acts as an anticoagulant which proactively keeps the wound from clotting. A bat weighing 40 grams can consume up to one fluid ounce of blood. After hearing all this, I am sure you understand why they were given that name.

I am a bit staggered when I think about how much fiction has been written about these guys. The first one that comes to mind was Barnabas Collins from the old soap opera Dark Shadows. He was, on occasion, able to change himself into a vampire bat. It never really looked very good--I mean, it was literally a bad on a string--but it became one of the staples of hoaky vampire lore.

There was a vampire bat in the 2001 video game "Conker's Bad Fur Day." His name was Count Batlula and was a direct spoof of Dracula from the movie "Bram Stoker's Dracula." He did not just drink blood in that game, he guzzled it. In fact he guzzled so much blood that he got too heavy to fly anymore and ended up killing himself.

There are a lot more of these bats portrayed in fiction throughout the years. It is not hard to understand why. More often than not, they inspire us to consider the theme of vampirism itself. Imagine a human going about and doing the things this creature does naturally. It is another reason why we should be wary about becoming too animal. Humans should try to be greater than such things. And with that final statement, I bring this spotlight to an end.

Thank you for reading my blog! If you enjoyed it, you can comment below, or you can email me at tkwadeauthor@gmail.com. "I never drink... vine."

Barnabas Collins from "Dark Shadows."

Count Batula from "Conker's Bad Fur Day."

Count Batula in full vampire bat form.

Tuesday, March 14, 2017

Marsupial Spotlight: Quokka

Good lord! How did I miss this little guy?! Yes, I haven't done a Marsupial Spotlight in a while. I had moved on to other animals. I ran into this fellow rather suddenly today and decided that I would be a fool to pass up the opportunity. Meet the quokka.

The quokka is a marsupial macropod which simply means it has a pouch like a kangaroo does. It is very small--about the side of a house cat. More specifically, the creature is up to 21 inches long with a 11.8 inch tail. This is amazingly short for a macropod. They are very stocky, and most people think they look like miniature kangaroos. They are mainly found on the islands off the coast of Western Australia but can also be seen on the mainland.

The quokkas are herbivores. They feed mainly on vegetation as well as grasses and leaves. A lot of tourists like to feed them; however, this is discouraged. Anything but their natural food tends to make them ill. I also want to mention that quokkas are very popular with humans, and I will get back to that in a moment.

When quoakkas breed, they always give birth to one baby called a joey. This will happen generally twice a year. The joey will live in its mother's pouch for 6 months. Once free of the pouch, it still relies on it's mother's milk for 2 more months. It can have its own babies at 1.5 years old.

The International Union for Conversation of Nature gives the quokka a rating of VU which means Vulnerable. The quokkas are unfortunately being hunted on the mainland by foxes, cats, and dogs. The ones on the islands, however, do not have this problem. They still have to deal with snakes, but it is not as bad as on the mainland.

Probably the most notable aspect of the quokka is how they have absolutely no fear of human beings. They will just let you walk up and pet them. A very popular thing to do for tourists is to take a selfie with a quokka and upload it to social media. The animal seems to smile and appear enthusiastic like it is making a new friend. It is very cute. Almost too cute.

I don't know of any quokkas in fiction, but I can see them as very outgoing individuals that want to make friends with everybody. The selfies really cinched it for me. I can see one coming up to me saying, "I couldn't help but see you were alone and I thought I might come over to give you some company." That is what a quokka is to me.

I made sure to find some quokka selfies for you. Check out the images and enjoy this very adorable marsupial from Australia.

Thank you for reading my blog. If you enjoyed it, you can comment below, or you can email me at tkwadeauthor@gmail.com. Snap!

Tuesday, March 7, 2017

Chiroptera Spotlight: Honduran White Bat

Is there a bat species that look like little marshmallows? Should there be? Why not?! The Honduran white bat is one of the cutest creatures out there, and yes, they look like little marshmallows.

This particular bat is one of the smallest, measuring only 2 inches in length. They only weigh about 0.2 ounces. They have a very pronounced leaf-like orange nose with pointy orange ears. Aside from that, they are a bundle of white fur. The Honduran white bat can be found in Honduras (obviously), Nicaragua, Costa Rica, as well as in western Panama.

This creature is part of a line of bat species called tent-making bats. What this means is that they will find a large leaf and bite into it until it is bent over into an upside-down V shape. They will then form a roost on the underside of this make-shift tent. It helps protect them from the wind and rain. Additionally, they will keep extremely close together for warmth. The latter grouping makes them look like a bunch of stuck-together mashmallows.

The Honduran white bat eats mainly fruit and enjoys living around banana groves. Once mated, they give birth always in the spring. They only have one offspring at a time. I think it is a bit ironic that they feast on sweet things only to grow up to look like marshmallows. I apologize if I keep lingering on that point, but really, it's the only reason I like these guys.

I know of no fiction about these bats, but I do see them as cute, sweethearted little people who can't help but be cute. Bats are usually known for being creepy things, but what's creepy about a big family of furry, white puffballs? As characters, they would go around in large groups testing out all the deserts from various restaurant menus. I really should bring this spotlight to an end before I lose my mind.

Just look at the pictures. You'll see what I mean!

Thank you for reading this adorable bat blog! If you enjoyed it, you can comment below, or you can email me at tkwadeauthor@gmail.com. Kree!

Honduran white bats are not often photographed in flight.

Tuesday, February 28, 2017

Chiroptera Spotlight: Large Flying Fox

In the last spotlight, I mentioned I was going to look into doing more spotlights for bats. I thought it might be fun to look up a really big one. The large flying fox is just such a bat. In fact it is part of a group of species called megabats.

The large flying fox has a body length of 13 inches. When it has its wings open all the way, they span as wide as 11 inches. It does not posses a tail at all. As the name suggests, the creature does have a very fox-like face, even down to the pointy ears. It can be found in a number of places ranging from the Malay Peninsula to the Philippines in the east. They are also in the Indonesian Archipelago of Sumatra, Java, Borneo, and Timor in the south. They prefers coastal regions but they can also be spotted as high up as 4,500 feet.

Unlike the silver-haired bat, the large flying fox is entirely an herbivore. They feed on flowers, nectar, and fruit. It's a bit hard to believe being they are so very large, but it is true. I also found out they really love durian fruit which has a horrible smell. I guess they put up with it because they are actually very sweet.

The large flying foxes form into groups when they go out to feed. They will sometimes fly as far as 31 miles in one night for their food. When they find a tree that they like, the bat will land on the tip of a branch standing upright before allowing itself to flop upside down while still holding on. Apparently their eating habits are very sloppy and make a lot of noise.

Mating periods differ depending on their location. They only give birth to one young at a time. During the weaning period, the mother will carry the offspring around and leave them at the roost to bring back food. The child is fully weened in 2 to 3 months.

There may actually be some fiction about the large flying fox, but I am not aware of it yet. I personally would like to see them going around playing pranks on people--pretending to be vampires and whatnot. The funny thing about it is they are 100% harmless. They just enjoy a good scare now and again. Who wouldn't be scared of them? They're giant bats!

Anyways, that's it for one of the biggest bats in the world. Maybe, I'll find more bats that are fun and interesting. Come back next week and find out!

Thanks for reading my blog. If you enjoyed it, you can comment below, or you can email me at tkwadeauthor@gmail.com. Screee!

Tuesday, February 21, 2017

Chiroptera Spotlight: Silver-Haired Bat

I was surprised to discover that I never did a spotlight for bats. I actually really like them, so it is about time I do something about it. The silver-haired bat is a species of vesper bat that can be found nearly in every single place in the USA as well in some of the southern provinces of Canada. Sizewise: this bat can have a length of nearly 4 inches. they have a tail length of 1.5 inches.

The silver-haired bat lives mainly in trees in large groups. This is called their roost. They keep close together for warmth and make a lot of noise at each other. I've heard that most of these noises are them complaining to each other about food shortages or overcrowding. I am not sure if the latter is true, but if it is, it really does add a lot of character to them.

As far as food, these bats will fly about tracking various flying insects--such as moths--with a process called echo location. This basically means that they cry out and listen to where the sound bounces off of which gives them a picture of where the insect is. This ability is important since this creature is nocturnal. Once the bat gets a good lock on the insect, it will swoop down and gobble it up mid-fight. It can do this for hours at a time before it is satisfied.

As far as reproduction, silver-haired bats will actually copulate mid-flight. They will then find a secluded place--such as a cave--and hibernate during the 50 to 60 day gestation period. The couple will give birth two 2 offspring and it is nearly always a male and a female. The mother will wrap their children up in their wings for warmth, and I think that is very cute.

In fiction, the most notable silver-haired bat would be from the book "Silverwing" by Kenneth Oppal. Although this book featured quite a large number of bat species, the main character Shade was a silver-haired bat. He was also a runt that had a major task ahead of him which required much bravery. This book was later made into a TV series. It lasted one season with 13 episodes total. I am currently reading the book, and it is very good.

These particular bats are some of the most common around the country. I do see them as contrary to themselves in that they love being together in large groups, yet they do seem to complain about all the crowding in the area. Sounds to me like a bickering family that loves each other despite the frustrations of always being together. That's how I see them as characters.

I'll see if I can find some other bats to spotlight. Until then, have a look at these pictures!

Thanks for reading my blog! If you enjoyed it, you can comment below, or you can email me at tkwadeauthor@gmail.com. Screech!

Tuesday, February 14, 2017

Crustacean Spotlight: Japanese Spider Crab

Most everyone knows what a crab is. We usually see a little shelled creature with spindly legs that walks sideways. A crab is a crab when it comes down to it, but what makes the Japanese spider crab so amazing shall become apparent very soon.

The gimmick of these fellows are found within its description. The main body of the Japanese spider crab--shell and all--can grow as large as 16 inches in width. That is pretty big for a crab, but watch out! The legs of this creature can grow as long as 18 feet. That makes this crab the largest in the world.

This crab can be found off the southern coast of the Japanese island Honshū. They can often be found in depths as low as almost 2000 feet. They enjoy inhabiting vents or holes deep below the water's surface.

The long legs are used by the females to carry their larvae. The larvae develop in these pouches for up to 72 days at which point they will develop into something much more like a crab; however, they tend not to look anything like the parent until much later. Additionally, the Japanese spider crab is an omnivore and will feed on whatever plant and animal matter they can get a hold of.

So the main thing about this crab is how large and spooky it looks. I did not really go into this with a fictional character in mind. I was thinking more like alien invasion. Can you imagine a swarm of these creatures crawling towards you? There is something intensely alien about them. They remind me of odd things I have seen in movies and games--such as the alien ships in War of the Worlds and the striders from Half-Life 2. It is very possible that this creature has inspired such fiction. I beg you to consider the possibility.

For now, you should have a look at these marvelous picture. The ones with humans in them are best because it provides a size comparison. How creepy they are! I love it!

Thank you for reading my blog! If you enjoyed it, you can comment below, or you can email me at tkwadeauthor@gmail.com. Thank you!